Grammar Portfolio

This page may seem out the of the ordinary on my getting fit site, however it has a great purpose. I created this website in my English 2010 class while attending Salt Lake Community College. While in this class we learned how to expand our types of writing with not only a different place to write  — on this website  —  but also the different styles of writing and how we apply them to what is happening now. While in this class we had grammar assignments and had to incorporate them into our writing. The list below is what types of grammar I have learned and how I have used them in my writing. Enjoy!

Semi-colons { ; }

Semicolons are like NSYNC they are ok without Justin Timberlake and he is ok without them. However, with Justin in NSYNC they are able to perfectly harmonize together and go together to make a good all boy group.

Examples on this website:

  • This website is designed to show people that working out can be fun; There are so many different styles and types of routines, and every week will be something new that has been tried and reviewed to help give you your best results.

[from my About page]

  • I would like to tell the story of a really dear friend of mine, Nina, and her example of how she wanted to make a change in her life; through diligence and hard work she was able to make the changes necessary to start on her path of change.

[from my Profile page]

  •  It was a short survey, where I asked 3 multiple choice questions: Which types of workouts do you use more?; What kinds of workouts do you prefer?; Who do you like to workout with?; and one short answer question, how do you fit working out into your daily life?

[from my Report page]

Colon { : }

A colon is like a bad date, you think it’s over and then it just keeps going and going. Your date takes you up to the door and you get out your keys put them in the door and then they start talking again and you have to wait until they are done.

Examples on this website:

  • Nina would spend most of her time on campus: studying, working at the on campus gym, taking time out to work out as a stress reliever, and hanging out with friends.

[from my Profile page]

  • In this article she describes different work outs that you can do, including: walking, jumping jacks, pushups, leg lifts, and many others that don’t involve any large gym equipment.

[from my Report page]

Em-dashes {  — }

Em dashes are like talking to your grandma, they always start a topic about one of their friends and always stop in the middle to add a little secret about another friend with the same situation. They also add little comments or tips — or what they think are helpful tips — when you are telling a story or a situation that you are in.

Example on this website:

  • I enjoy doing work outs that get my heart pumping really good  — running and cardio.

[from my first blog post]

  • When she came home in the Summer of 2011 — mind made up to go back to Boston in the Fall — she was looking forward to catching up with friends, being with family and figuring out where her relationship with her boyfriend was going.

[from my Profile page]

Parenthesis { ( ) }

If parentheses would show up when someone is talking there would be a lot for me. I am always being sarcastic and I think that is a good way to describe them. Something that people don’t really need to know but you add it in anyways for either and informational factor or a humorous factor.

Example on this website:

  • Although she loves her son, she found herself struggling with Post-Partum Depression (PPD) on top of her struggling relationship.

[from my Profile page]

Commas { , }

With additional clauses

A comma helps the reader to separate parts of the sentence to better understand what is going on. If the sentence flows together smoothly and in understandable without a comma then that is when it is not needed.

  • The first day of boot camp was the hardest for her because they had to weigh in, and she weighed in 20 pounds heavier than her heaviest weight during pregnancy.

[from my Profile page]

With parenthetical elements

Parenthetical elements are kind of like cleaning. You have a specific job at hand like cleaning out the cupboard but while your there you might as well wipe the fridge off. They are two different tasks but they are so close together that you might as well add that little wipe in because it won’t take that much time. Em dashes is like starting a whole other cleaning project like cleaning out the fridge and parenthesis is like cleaning off the counter, they weren’t on your list and didn’t need to be done then but you added it for convenience.

  • After having their son, however,  Nina quickly noticed that the father of her son wasn’t as devoted to being a parent to their son or their relationship.

[example from my Profile page]

With a series

Commas are like the implied 1 in front of a variable just like the comma implies the and in between the subjects. Using Semicolons helps keep the flow of sentences without having a run on sentence while giving more detail.

Examples on this website:

  • Other days we decided to work out with other activities like weights, hula hoops, and just running on the tread mill.

[from my second blog post]

  • In this article she describes different work outs that you can do, including: walking, jumping jacks, pushups, leg lifts, and many others that don’t involve any large gym equipment.

[from my report page]

Quotation marks { ” }

You have to use quotation marks to let the reader know that you weren’t the one who said this you are taking if from another source. They are used to quote when someone is speaking or when you are quoting any type of written information. The best way to remember when to use them is if you didn’t write or say it yourself then you would want to use quotation marks and cite where or who gave you that information.

Example from this website:

  • The Department of Exercise Science and Sport Management from the University of Tennessee preformed a study on postmenopausal women using a predesigned walking program found it “…is clinically important in that it translates into lower risks for cardiovascular disease and stroke that reported that walking activity clinically improved blood pressure and lowered the risks for cardiovascular disease and stroke.” 

[from my Position page]

 Ellipses {. . .}

Ellipses is like leaving a conversation and coming back and still understand what is going on or what is being said.

Example on this website:

  • One of the people who took my survey replied, “[I] wake up super early. . . to do an actual routine..or try to get it in throughout my day such as taking the stairs.

[from my third blog post]

Brackets { [ ] }

Brackets are like the annoying kid in class that has to give their take on what’s being discussed. Even if it isn’t relevant or it interrupts what is being discussed. Sometimes it is something that should be shared but most of the time you can leave it out.

Example on this website:

  • One respondent answered, “[I] wake up super early if I am going to do an actual workout routine or try to get it in throughout my day such as taking the stairs or parking further from the store.”

[from my Report page]

Capital Letters { ABC }

The easiest but not always true thing to remember is if it is really long then it should probably be capitalized, only conjunctions should stay lower case.The beginning of the title should always be capitalized even if it starts with a conjunction. Also make sure that you are capitalized names or proper nouns.

Example from this website:

  •  1. Chair Dips
    2. Take the Stairs
    3. 7-7 Sit Ups
    4. Squats
    5. Push Ups or Planks

[example from my Instructions page]

Italics and Underlining

You always want to italicize the publication of an article of books, movies, magazines, or things like that. This is to emphasize a certain part of the sentence so that the reader knows that it is different from the rest of the sentence.

example from this website:

  • In Fitness Together of Cleveland’s ‘Ten Exercise Excuses’  list, K.C. Wilder, PhD and sports psychologist, says “It’s just a matter of setting priorities.” 

[example from my Position page]

Fragments { . }

Fragments give the sentence that hidden feeling, a little spunk. With an added fragment is gives the reader something to think about and let them decide how they want to imply what is happening. This is a fun way to add a little something to your sentences.

Example from this website:

  • However, what most Americans don’t realize is that exercise is something that can be fit into a busy day. Very worth it!

[example from my Position page]

  • The list below is what types of grammar I have learned and how I have used them in my writing. Enjoy!

[example from Grammar page]

Comma splices { , }

Comma splices are for casual use. When you feel comfortable with someone you relax and are able to be yourself. When you are relaxed you don’t have to explain everything it just is an understanding. When you use comma splices it is showing that these belong together and it doesn’t have to be a dramatic separation between them.

Example on this website:

  • We work, we eat, we sleep.

[from my Position page]

Hyphens { – }

Hyphens are like the glue that holds words together. If it wasn’t there to connect them than it might not make sense and would be hard for people to know what you are saying. When you are connecting them you want to make sure that they go well together and can be smoothly so that they join together.

Example from this website:

  • When thinking about working out people usually are thinking about losing weight for the good-looking feature that they want to have.

[from my Posistion page]

En Dashes { – }

En dashes are like a saddle on a horse it helps smooth out the ride. They are the little somthing that is needed to help make the words flow together. They can also be used to show ranges between things and replace hyphens

Example from this website:

  • We often think for this we need to go to the gym 4–5 times a week  or run from Salt Lake–Sandy.

[from my Position page]

Numbers { 123 }

It can get very confusing on whether to use the actual number or the number written in a word. The easiest thing to remember is when you are starting a sentence you always start with it written out. You use the real number for specific things that you are saying but it also depends on the style of writing that you are doing. When you are writing a professional paper you want to keep it to the written out word. The type of number that you choose depends also on what and where you are writing. on a blog or personal item you can be informal more where as when you are writing a technical written text you want it to stay professional and you write out the words.

Example from this website:

  • We often think for this we need to go to the gym 4–5 times a week  or run from Salt Lake–Sandy.

[From my Position page]


When doing abbreviations it is very hard to figure out if it should be capitalized or not, if is should have a period or not, or if you are doing it right at all. The easiest way that I could figure this out was that names are always capitalized and have spaces in them. When you are doing abbreviations for television or things like that then you do not use periods or a space. There are many types and it gets confusing and I would recommend always looking at a guide to make sure you are doing the right way.

Example from this website:

  • According to Dr. David C. Nieman, a professor and director of the Human Performance Laboratory, if you exercise regularly compared with those who avoid physical activity you will fall asleep more rapidly and sleep better.

[Example from my Position page]

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